Source code for stable_baselines.common.base_class

from abc import ABC, abstractmethod
import os
import glob
import warnings
from collections import OrderedDict
import json
import zipfile

import cloudpickle
import numpy as np
import gym
import tensorflow as tf

from stable_baselines.common import set_global_seeds
from stable_baselines.common.save_util import (
    is_json_serializable, data_to_json, json_to_data, params_to_bytes, bytes_to_params
)
from stable_baselines.common.policies import get_policy_from_name, ActorCriticPolicy
from stable_baselines.common.vec_env import VecEnvWrapper, VecEnv, DummyVecEnv
from stable_baselines import logger


[docs]class BaseRLModel(ABC): """ The base RL model :param policy: (BasePolicy) Policy object :param env: (Gym environment) The environment to learn from (if registered in Gym, can be str. Can be None for loading trained models) :param verbose: (int) the verbosity level: 0 none, 1 training information, 2 tensorflow debug :param requires_vec_env: (bool) Does this model require a vectorized environment :param policy_base: (BasePolicy) the base policy used by this method :param policy_kwargs: (dict) additional arguments to be passed to the policy on creation :param seed: (int) Seed for the pseudo-random generators (python, numpy, tensorflow). If None (default), use random seed. Note that if you want completely deterministic results, you must set `n_cpu_tf_sess` to 1. :param n_cpu_tf_sess: (int) The number of threads for TensorFlow operations If None, the number of cpu of the current machine will be used. """ def __init__(self, policy, env, verbose=0, *, requires_vec_env, policy_base, policy_kwargs=None, seed=None, n_cpu_tf_sess=None): if isinstance(policy, str) and policy_base is not None: self.policy = get_policy_from_name(policy_base, policy) else: self.policy = policy self.env = env self.verbose = verbose self._requires_vec_env = requires_vec_env self.policy_kwargs = {} if policy_kwargs is None else policy_kwargs self.observation_space = None self.action_space = None self.n_envs = None self._vectorize_action = False self.num_timesteps = 0 self.graph = None self.sess = None self.params = None self.seed = seed self._param_load_ops = None self.n_cpu_tf_sess = n_cpu_tf_sess if env is not None: if isinstance(env, str): if self.verbose >= 1: print("Creating environment from the given name, wrapped in a DummyVecEnv.") self.env = env = DummyVecEnv([lambda: gym.make(env)]) self.observation_space = env.observation_space self.action_space = env.action_space if requires_vec_env: if isinstance(env, VecEnv): self.n_envs = env.num_envs else: raise ValueError("Error: the model requires a vectorized environment, please use a VecEnv wrapper.") else: if isinstance(env, VecEnv): if env.num_envs == 1: self.env = _UnvecWrapper(env) self._vectorize_action = True else: raise ValueError("Error: the model requires a non vectorized environment or a single vectorized" " environment.") self.n_envs = 1
[docs] def get_env(self): """ returns the current environment (can be None if not defined) :return: (Gym Environment) The current environment """ return self.env
[docs] def set_env(self, env): """ Checks the validity of the environment, and if it is coherent, set it as the current environment. :param env: (Gym Environment) The environment for learning a policy """ if env is None and self.env is None: if self.verbose >= 1: print("Loading a model without an environment, " "this model cannot be trained until it has a valid environment.") return elif env is None: raise ValueError("Error: trying to replace the current environment with None") # sanity checking the environment assert self.observation_space == env.observation_space, \ "Error: the environment passed must have at least the same observation space as the model was trained on." assert self.action_space == env.action_space, \ "Error: the environment passed must have at least the same action space as the model was trained on." if self._requires_vec_env: assert isinstance(env, VecEnv), \ "Error: the environment passed is not a vectorized environment, however {} requires it".format( self.__class__.__name__) assert not self.policy.recurrent or self.n_envs == env.num_envs, \ "Error: the environment passed must have the same number of environments as the model was trained on." \ "This is due to the Lstm policy not being capable of changing the number of environments." self.n_envs = env.num_envs else: # for models that dont want vectorized environment, check if they make sense and adapt them. # Otherwise tell the user about this issue if isinstance(env, VecEnv): if env.num_envs == 1: env = _UnvecWrapper(env) self._vectorize_action = True else: raise ValueError("Error: the model requires a non vectorized environment or a single vectorized " "environment.") else: self._vectorize_action = False self.n_envs = 1 self.env = env
def _init_num_timesteps(self, reset_num_timesteps=True): """ Initialize and resets num_timesteps (total timesteps since beginning of training) if needed. Mainly used logging and plotting (tensorboard). :param reset_num_timesteps: (bool) Set it to false when continuing training to not create new plotting curves in tensorboard. :return: (bool) Whether a new tensorboard log needs to be created """ if reset_num_timesteps: self.num_timesteps = 0 new_tb_log = self.num_timesteps == 0 return new_tb_log
[docs] @abstractmethod def setup_model(self): """ Create all the functions and tensorflow graphs necessary to train the model """ pass
[docs] def set_random_seed(self, seed): """ :param seed: (int) Seed for the pseudo-random generators. If None, do not change the seeds. """ # Ignore if the seed is None if seed is None: return # Seed python, numpy and tf random generator set_global_seeds(seed) if self.env is not None: if isinstance(self.env, VecEnv): # Use a different seed for each env for idx in range(self.env.num_envs): self.env.env_method("seed", seed + idx) else: self.env.seed(seed) # Seed the action space # useful when selecting random actions self.env.action_space.seed(seed) self.action_space.seed(seed)
def _setup_learn(self): """ Check the environment. """ if self.env is None: raise ValueError("Error: cannot train the model without a valid environment, please set an environment with" "set_env(self, env) method.")
[docs] @abstractmethod def get_parameter_list(self): """ Get tensorflow Variables of model's parameters This includes all variables necessary for continuing training (saving / loading). :return: (list) List of tensorflow Variables """ pass
[docs] def get_parameters(self): """ Get current model parameters as dictionary of variable name -> ndarray. :return: (OrderedDict) Dictionary of variable name -> ndarray of model's parameters. """ parameters = self.get_parameter_list() parameter_values = self.sess.run(parameters) return_dictionary = OrderedDict((param.name, value) for param, value in zip(parameters, parameter_values)) return return_dictionary
def _setup_load_operations(self): """ Create tensorflow operations for loading model parameters """ # Assume tensorflow graphs are static -> check # that we only call this function once if self._param_load_ops is not None: raise RuntimeError("Parameter load operations have already been created") # For each loadable parameter, create appropiate # placeholder and an assign op, and store them to # self.load_param_ops as dict of variable.name -> (placeholder, assign) loadable_parameters = self.get_parameter_list() # Use OrderedDict to store order for backwards compatibility with # list-based params self._param_load_ops = OrderedDict() with self.graph.as_default(): for param in loadable_parameters: placeholder = tf.placeholder(dtype=param.dtype, shape=param.shape) # param.name is unique (tensorflow variables have unique names) self._param_load_ops[param.name] = (placeholder, param.assign(placeholder)) @abstractmethod def _get_pretrain_placeholders(self): """ Return the placeholders needed for the pretraining: - obs_ph: observation placeholder - actions_ph will be population with an action from the environement (from the expert dataset) - deterministic_actions_ph: e.g., in the case of a gaussian policy, the mean. :return: ((tf.placeholder)) (obs_ph, actions_ph, deterministic_actions_ph) """ pass
[docs] def pretrain(self, dataset, n_epochs=10, learning_rate=1e-4, adam_epsilon=1e-8, val_interval=None): """ Pretrain a model using behavior cloning: supervised learning given an expert dataset. NOTE: only Box and Discrete spaces are supported for now. :param dataset: (ExpertDataset) Dataset manager :param n_epochs: (int) Number of iterations on the training set :param learning_rate: (float) Learning rate :param adam_epsilon: (float) the epsilon value for the adam optimizer :param val_interval: (int) Report training and validation losses every n epochs. By default, every 10th of the maximum number of epochs. :return: (BaseRLModel) the pretrained model """ continuous_actions = isinstance(self.action_space, gym.spaces.Box) discrete_actions = isinstance(self.action_space, gym.spaces.Discrete) assert discrete_actions or continuous_actions, 'Only Discrete and Box action spaces are supported' # Validate the model every 10% of the total number of iteration if val_interval is None: # Prevent modulo by zero if n_epochs < 10: val_interval = 1 else: val_interval = int(n_epochs / 10) with self.graph.as_default(): with tf.variable_scope('pretrain'): if continuous_actions: obs_ph, actions_ph, deterministic_actions_ph = self._get_pretrain_placeholders() loss = tf.reduce_mean(tf.square(actions_ph - deterministic_actions_ph)) else: obs_ph, actions_ph, actions_logits_ph = self._get_pretrain_placeholders() # actions_ph has a shape if (n_batch,), we reshape it to (n_batch, 1) # so no additional changes is needed in the dataloader actions_ph = tf.expand_dims(actions_ph, axis=1) one_hot_actions = tf.one_hot(actions_ph, self.action_space.n) loss = tf.nn.softmax_cross_entropy_with_logits_v2( logits=actions_logits_ph, labels=tf.stop_gradient(one_hot_actions) ) loss = tf.reduce_mean(loss) optimizer = tf.train.AdamOptimizer(learning_rate=learning_rate, epsilon=adam_epsilon) optim_op = optimizer.minimize(loss, var_list=self.params) self.sess.run(tf.global_variables_initializer()) if self.verbose > 0: print("Pretraining with Behavior Cloning...") for epoch_idx in range(int(n_epochs)): train_loss = 0.0 # Full pass on the training set for _ in range(len(dataset.train_loader)): expert_obs, expert_actions = dataset.get_next_batch('train') feed_dict = { obs_ph: expert_obs, actions_ph: expert_actions, } train_loss_, _ = self.sess.run([loss, optim_op], feed_dict) train_loss += train_loss_ train_loss /= len(dataset.train_loader) if self.verbose > 0 and (epoch_idx + 1) % val_interval == 0: val_loss = 0.0 # Full pass on the validation set for _ in range(len(dataset.val_loader)): expert_obs, expert_actions = dataset.get_next_batch('val') val_loss_, = self.sess.run([loss], {obs_ph: expert_obs, actions_ph: expert_actions}) val_loss += val_loss_ val_loss /= len(dataset.val_loader) if self.verbose > 0: print("==== Training progress {:.2f}% ====".format(100 * (epoch_idx + 1) / n_epochs)) print('Epoch {}'.format(epoch_idx + 1)) print("Training loss: {:.6f}, Validation loss: {:.6f}".format(train_loss, val_loss)) print() # Free memory del expert_obs, expert_actions if self.verbose > 0: print("Pretraining done.") return self
[docs] @abstractmethod def learn(self, total_timesteps, callback=None, log_interval=100, tb_log_name="run", reset_num_timesteps=True): """ Return a trained model. :param total_timesteps: (int) The total number of samples to train on :param callback: (function (dict, dict)) -> boolean function called at every steps with state of the algorithm. It takes the local and global variables. If it returns False, training is aborted. :param log_interval: (int) The number of timesteps before logging. :param tb_log_name: (str) the name of the run for tensorboard log :param reset_num_timesteps: (bool) whether or not to reset the current timestep number (used in logging) :return: (BaseRLModel) the trained model """ pass
[docs] @abstractmethod def predict(self, observation, state=None, mask=None, deterministic=False): """ Get the model's action from an observation :param observation: (np.ndarray) the input observation :param state: (np.ndarray) The last states (can be None, used in recurrent policies) :param mask: (np.ndarray) The last masks (can be None, used in recurrent policies) :param deterministic: (bool) Whether or not to return deterministic actions. :return: (np.ndarray, np.ndarray) the model's action and the next state (used in recurrent policies) """ pass
[docs] @abstractmethod def action_probability(self, observation, state=None, mask=None, actions=None, logp=False): """ If ``actions`` is ``None``, then get the model's action probability distribution from a given observation. Depending on the action space the output is: - Discrete: probability for each possible action - Box: mean and standard deviation of the action output However if ``actions`` is not ``None``, this function will return the probability that the given actions are taken with the given parameters (observation, state, ...) on this model. For discrete action spaces, it returns the probability mass; for continuous action spaces, the probability density. This is since the probability mass will always be zero in continuous spaces, see http://blog.christianperone.com/2019/01/ for a good explanation :param observation: (np.ndarray) the input observation :param state: (np.ndarray) The last states (can be None, used in recurrent policies) :param mask: (np.ndarray) The last masks (can be None, used in recurrent policies) :param actions: (np.ndarray) (OPTIONAL) For calculating the likelihood that the given actions are chosen by the model for each of the given parameters. Must have the same number of actions and observations. (set to None to return the complete action probability distribution) :param logp: (bool) (OPTIONAL) When specified with actions, returns probability in log-space. This has no effect if actions is None. :return: (np.ndarray) the model's (log) action probability """ pass
[docs] def load_parameters(self, load_path_or_dict, exact_match=True): """ Load model parameters from a file or a dictionary Dictionary keys should be tensorflow variable names, which can be obtained with ``get_parameters`` function. If ``exact_match`` is True, dictionary should contain keys for all model's parameters, otherwise RunTimeError is raised. If False, only variables included in the dictionary will be updated. This does not load agent's hyper-parameters. .. warning:: This function does not update trainer/optimizer variables (e.g. momentum). As such training after using this function may lead to less-than-optimal results. :param load_path_or_dict: (str or file-like or dict) Save parameter location or dict of parameters as variable.name -> ndarrays to be loaded. :param exact_match: (bool) If True, expects load dictionary to contain keys for all variables in the model. If False, loads parameters only for variables mentioned in the dictionary. Defaults to True. """ # Make sure we have assign ops if self._param_load_ops is None: self._setup_load_operations() params = None if isinstance(load_path_or_dict, dict): # Assume `load_path_or_dict` is dict of variable.name -> ndarrays we want to load params = load_path_or_dict elif isinstance(load_path_or_dict, list): warnings.warn("Loading model parameters from a list. This has been replaced " + "with parameter dictionaries with variable names and parameters. " + "If you are loading from a file, consider re-saving the file.", DeprecationWarning) # Assume `load_path_or_dict` is list of ndarrays. # Create param dictionary assuming the parameters are in same order # as `get_parameter_list` returns them. params = dict() for i, param_name in enumerate(self._param_load_ops.keys()): params[param_name] = load_path_or_dict[i] else: # Assume a filepath or file-like. # Use existing deserializer to load the parameters. # We only need the parameters part of the file, so # only load that part. _, params = BaseRLModel._load_from_file(load_path_or_dict, load_data=False) feed_dict = {} param_update_ops = [] # Keep track of not-updated variables not_updated_variables = set(self._param_load_ops.keys()) for param_name, param_value in params.items(): placeholder, assign_op = self._param_load_ops[param_name] feed_dict[placeholder] = param_value # Create list of tf.assign operations for sess.run param_update_ops.append(assign_op) # Keep track which variables are updated not_updated_variables.remove(param_name) # Check that we updated all parameters if exact_match=True if exact_match and len(not_updated_variables) > 0: raise RuntimeError("Load dictionary did not contain all variables. " + "Missing variables: {}".format(", ".join(not_updated_variables))) self.sess.run(param_update_ops, feed_dict=feed_dict)
[docs] @abstractmethod def save(self, save_path, cloudpickle=False): """ Save the current parameters to file :param save_path: (str or file-like) The save location :param cloudpickle: (bool) Use older cloudpickle format instead of zip-archives. """ raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] @classmethod @abstractmethod def load(cls, load_path, env=None, custom_objects=None, **kwargs): """ Load the model from file :param load_path: (str or file-like) the saved parameter location :param env: (Gym Envrionment) the new environment to run the loaded model on (can be None if you only need prediction from a trained model) :param custom_objects: (dict) Dictionary of objects to replace upon loading. If a variable is present in this dictionary as a key, it will not be deserialized and the corresponding item will be used instead. Similar to custom_objects in `keras.models.load_model`. Useful when you have an object in file that can not be deserialized. :param kwargs: extra arguments to change the model when loading """ raise NotImplementedError()
@staticmethod def _save_to_file_cloudpickle(save_path, data=None, params=None): """Legacy code for saving models with cloudpickle :param save_path: (str or file-like) Where to store the model :param data: (OrderedDict) Class parameters being stored :param params: (OrderedDict) Model parameters being stored """ if isinstance(save_path, str): _, ext = os.path.splitext(save_path) if ext == "": save_path += ".pkl" with open(save_path, "wb") as file_: cloudpickle.dump((data, params), file_) else: # Here save_path is a file-like object, not a path cloudpickle.dump((data, params), save_path) @staticmethod def _save_to_file_zip(save_path, data=None, params=None): """Save model to a .zip archive :param save_path: (str or file-like) Where to store the model :param data: (OrderedDict) Class parameters being stored :param params: (OrderedDict) Model parameters being stored """ # data/params can be None, so do not # try to serialize them blindly if data is not None: serialized_data = data_to_json(data) if params is not None: serialized_params = params_to_bytes(params) # We also have to store list of the parameters # to store the ordering for OrderedDict. # We can trust these to be strings as they # are taken from the Tensorflow graph. serialized_param_list = json.dumps( list(params.keys()), indent=4 ) # Check postfix if save_path is a string if isinstance(save_path, str): _, ext = os.path.splitext(save_path) if ext == "": save_path += ".zip" # Create a zip-archive and write our objects # there. This works when save_path # is either str or a file-like with zipfile.ZipFile(save_path, "w") as file_: # Do not try to save "None" elements if data is not None: file_.writestr("data", serialized_data) if params is not None: file_.writestr("parameters", serialized_params) file_.writestr("parameter_list", serialized_param_list) @staticmethod def _save_to_file(save_path, data=None, params=None, cloudpickle=False): """Save model to a zip archive or cloudpickle file. :param save_path: (str or file-like) Where to store the model :param data: (OrderedDict) Class parameters being stored :param params: (OrderedDict) Model parameters being stored :param cloudpickle: (bool) Use old cloudpickle format (stable-baselines<=2.7.0) instead of a zip archive. """ if cloudpickle: BaseRLModel._save_to_file_cloudpickle(save_path, data, params) else: BaseRLModel._save_to_file_zip(save_path, data, params) @staticmethod def _load_from_file_cloudpickle(load_path): """Legacy code for loading older models stored with cloudpickle :param load_path: (str or file-like) where from to load the file :return: (dict, OrderedDict) Class parameters and model parameters """ if isinstance(load_path, str): if not os.path.exists(load_path): if os.path.exists(load_path + ".pkl"): load_path += ".pkl" else: raise ValueError("Error: the file {} could not be found".format(load_path)) with open(load_path, "rb") as file_: data, params = cloudpickle.load(file_) else: # Here load_path is a file-like object, not a path data, params = cloudpickle.load(load_path) return data, params @staticmethod def _load_from_file(load_path, load_data=True, custom_objects=None): """Load model data from a .zip archive :param load_path: (str or file-like) Where to load model from :param load_data: (bool) Whether we should load and return data (class parameters). Mainly used by `load_parameters` to only load model parameters (weights). :param custom_objects: (dict) Dictionary of objects to replace upon loading. If a variable is present in this dictionary as a key, it will not be deserialized and the corresponding item will be used instead. Similar to custom_objects in `keras.models.load_model`. Useful when you have an object in file that can not be deserialized. :return: (dict, OrderedDict) Class parameters and model parameters """ # Check if file exists if load_path is # a string if isinstance(load_path, str): if not os.path.exists(load_path): if os.path.exists(load_path + ".zip"): load_path += ".zip" else: raise ValueError("Error: the file {} could not be found".format(load_path)) # Open the zip archive and load data. try: with zipfile.ZipFile(load_path, "r") as file_: namelist = file_.namelist() # If data or parameters is not in the # zip archive, assume they were stored # as None (_save_to_file allows this). data = None params = None if "data" in namelist and load_data: # Load class parameters and convert to string # (Required for json library in Python 3.5) json_data = file_.read("data").decode() data = json_to_data(json_data, custom_objects=custom_objects) if "parameters" in namelist: # Load parameter list and and parameters parameter_list_json = file_.read("parameter_list").decode() parameter_list = json.loads(parameter_list_json) serialized_params = file_.read("parameters") params = bytes_to_params( serialized_params, parameter_list ) except zipfile.BadZipFile: # load_path wasn't a zip file. Possibly a cloudpickle # file. Show a warning and fall back to loading cloudpickle. warnings.warn("It appears you are loading from a file with old format. " + "Older cloudpickle format has been replaced with zip-archived " + "models. Consider saving the model with new format.", DeprecationWarning) # Attempt loading with the cloudpickle format. # If load_path is file-like, seek back to beginning of file if not isinstance(load_path, str): load_path.seek(0) data, params = BaseRLModel._load_from_file_cloudpickle(load_path) return data, params @staticmethod def _softmax(x_input): """ An implementation of softmax. :param x_input: (numpy float) input vector :return: (numpy float) output vector """ x_exp = np.exp(x_input.T - np.max(x_input.T, axis=0)) return (x_exp / x_exp.sum(axis=0)).T @staticmethod def _is_vectorized_observation(observation, observation_space): """ For every observation type, detects and validates the shape, then returns whether or not the observation is vectorized. :param observation: (np.ndarray) the input observation to validate :param observation_space: (gym.spaces) the observation space :return: (bool) whether the given observation is vectorized or not """ if isinstance(observation_space, gym.spaces.Box): if observation.shape == observation_space.shape: return False elif observation.shape[1:] == observation_space.shape: return True else: raise ValueError("Error: Unexpected observation shape {} for ".format(observation.shape) + "Box environment, please use {} ".format(observation_space.shape) + "or (n_env, {}) for the observation shape." .format(", ".join(map(str, observation_space.shape)))) elif isinstance(observation_space, gym.spaces.Discrete): if observation.shape == (): # A numpy array of a number, has shape empty tuple '()' return False elif len(observation.shape) == 1: return True else: raise ValueError("Error: Unexpected observation shape {} for ".format(observation.shape) + "Discrete environment, please use (1,) or (n_env, 1) for the observation shape.") elif isinstance(observation_space, gym.spaces.MultiDiscrete): if observation.shape == (len(observation_space.nvec),): return False elif len(observation.shape) == 2 and observation.shape[1] == len(observation_space.nvec): return True else: raise ValueError("Error: Unexpected observation shape {} for MultiDiscrete ".format(observation.shape) + "environment, please use ({},) or ".format(len(observation_space.nvec)) + "(n_env, {}) for the observation shape.".format(len(observation_space.nvec))) elif isinstance(observation_space, gym.spaces.MultiBinary): if observation.shape == (observation_space.n,): return False elif len(observation.shape) == 2 and observation.shape[1] == observation_space.n: return True else: raise ValueError("Error: Unexpected observation shape {} for MultiBinary ".format(observation.shape) + "environment, please use ({},) or ".format(observation_space.n) + "(n_env, {}) for the observation shape.".format(observation_space.n)) else: raise ValueError("Error: Cannot determine if the observation is vectorized with the space type {}." .format(observation_space))
class ActorCriticRLModel(BaseRLModel): """ The base class for Actor critic model :param policy: (BasePolicy) Policy object :param env: (Gym environment) The environment to learn from (if registered in Gym, can be str. Can be None for loading trained models) :param verbose: (int) the verbosity level: 0 none, 1 training information, 2 tensorflow debug :param policy_base: (BasePolicy) the base policy used by this method (default=ActorCriticPolicy) :param requires_vec_env: (bool) Does this model require a vectorized environment :param policy_kwargs: (dict) additional arguments to be passed to the policy on creation :param seed: (int) Seed for the pseudo-random generators (python, numpy, tensorflow). If None (default), use random seed. Note that if you want completely deterministic results, you must set `n_cpu_tf_sess` to 1. :param n_cpu_tf_sess: (int) The number of threads for TensorFlow operations If None, the number of cpu of the current machine will be used. """ def __init__(self, policy, env, _init_setup_model, verbose=0, policy_base=ActorCriticPolicy, requires_vec_env=False, policy_kwargs=None, seed=None, n_cpu_tf_sess=None): super(ActorCriticRLModel, self).__init__(policy, env, verbose=verbose, requires_vec_env=requires_vec_env, policy_base=policy_base, policy_kwargs=policy_kwargs, seed=seed, n_cpu_tf_sess=n_cpu_tf_sess) self.sess = None self.initial_state = None self.step = None self.proba_step = None self.params = None @abstractmethod def setup_model(self): pass @abstractmethod def learn(self, total_timesteps, callback=None, log_interval=100, tb_log_name="run", reset_num_timesteps=True): pass def predict(self, observation, state=None, mask=None, deterministic=False): if state is None: state = self.initial_state if mask is None: mask = [False for _ in range(self.n_envs)] observation = np.array(observation) vectorized_env = self._is_vectorized_observation(observation, self.observation_space) observation = observation.reshape((-1,) + self.observation_space.shape) actions, _, states, _ = self.step(observation, state, mask, deterministic=deterministic) clipped_actions = actions # Clip the actions to avoid out of bound error if isinstance(self.action_space, gym.spaces.Box): clipped_actions = np.clip(actions, self.action_space.low, self.action_space.high) if not vectorized_env: if state is not None: raise ValueError("Error: The environment must be vectorized when using recurrent policies.") clipped_actions = clipped_actions[0] return clipped_actions, states def action_probability(self, observation, state=None, mask=None, actions=None, logp=False): if state is None: state = self.initial_state if mask is None: mask = [False for _ in range(self.n_envs)] observation = np.array(observation) vectorized_env = self._is_vectorized_observation(observation, self.observation_space) observation = observation.reshape((-1,) + self.observation_space.shape) actions_proba = self.proba_step(observation, state, mask) if len(actions_proba) == 0: # empty list means not implemented warnings.warn("Warning: action probability is not implemented for {} action space. Returning None." .format(type(self.action_space).__name__)) return None if actions is not None: # comparing the action distribution, to given actions prob = None logprob = None actions = np.array([actions]) if isinstance(self.action_space, gym.spaces.Discrete): actions = actions.reshape((-1,)) assert observation.shape[0] == actions.shape[0], \ "Error: batch sizes differ for actions and observations." prob = actions_proba[np.arange(actions.shape[0]), actions] elif isinstance(self.action_space, gym.spaces.MultiDiscrete): actions = actions.reshape((-1, len(self.action_space.nvec))) assert observation.shape[0] == actions.shape[0], \ "Error: batch sizes differ for actions and observations." # Discrete action probability, over multiple categories actions = np.swapaxes(actions, 0, 1) # swap axis for easier categorical split prob = np.prod([proba[np.arange(act.shape[0]), act] for proba, act in zip(actions_proba, actions)], axis=0) elif isinstance(self.action_space, gym.spaces.MultiBinary): actions = actions.reshape((-1, self.action_space.n)) assert observation.shape[0] == actions.shape[0], \ "Error: batch sizes differ for actions and observations." # Bernoulli action probability, for every action prob = np.prod(actions_proba * actions + (1 - actions_proba) * (1 - actions), axis=1) elif isinstance(self.action_space, gym.spaces.Box): actions = actions.reshape((-1, ) + self.action_space.shape) mean, logstd = actions_proba std = np.exp(logstd) n_elts = np.prod(mean.shape[1:]) # first dimension is batch size log_normalizer = n_elts/2 * np.log(2 * np.pi) + 1/2 * np.sum(logstd, axis=1) # Diagonal Gaussian action probability, for every action logprob = -np.sum(np.square(actions - mean) / (2 * std), axis=1) - log_normalizer else: warnings.warn("Warning: action_probability not implemented for {} actions space. Returning None." .format(type(self.action_space).__name__)) return None # Return in space (log or normal) requested by user, converting if necessary if logp: if logprob is None: logprob = np.log(prob) ret = logprob else: if prob is None: prob = np.exp(logprob) ret = prob # normalize action proba shape for the different gym spaces ret = ret.reshape((-1, 1)) else: ret = actions_proba if not vectorized_env: if state is not None: raise ValueError("Error: The environment must be vectorized when using recurrent policies.") ret = ret[0] return ret def get_parameter_list(self): return self.params @abstractmethod def save(self, save_path, cloudpickle=False): pass @classmethod def load(cls, load_path, env=None, custom_objects=None, **kwargs): """ Load the model from file :param load_path: (str or file-like) the saved parameter location :param env: (Gym Envrionment) the new environment to run the loaded model on (can be None if you only need prediction from a trained model) :param custom_objects: (dict) Dictionary of objects to replace upon loading. If a variable is present in this dictionary as a key, it will not be deserialized and the corresponding item will be used instead. Similar to custom_objects in `keras.models.load_model`. Useful when you have an object in file that can not be deserialized. :param kwargs: extra arguments to change the model when loading """ data, params = cls._load_from_file(load_path, custom_objects=custom_objects) if 'policy_kwargs' in kwargs and kwargs['policy_kwargs'] != data['policy_kwargs']: raise ValueError("The specified policy kwargs do not equal the stored policy kwargs. " "Stored kwargs: {}, specified kwargs: {}".format(data['policy_kwargs'], kwargs['policy_kwargs'])) model = cls(policy=data["policy"], env=None, _init_setup_model=False) model.__dict__.update(data) model.__dict__.update(kwargs) model.set_env(env) model.setup_model() model.load_parameters(params) return model class OffPolicyRLModel(BaseRLModel): """ The base class for off policy RL model :param policy: (BasePolicy) Policy object :param env: (Gym environment) The environment to learn from (if registered in Gym, can be str. Can be None for loading trained models) :param replay_buffer: (ReplayBuffer) the type of replay buffer :param verbose: (int) the verbosity level: 0 none, 1 training information, 2 tensorflow debug :param requires_vec_env: (bool) Does this model require a vectorized environment :param policy_base: (BasePolicy) the base policy used by this method :param policy_kwargs: (dict) additional arguments to be passed to the policy on creation :param seed: (int) Seed for the pseudo-random generators (python, numpy, tensorflow). If None (default), use random seed. Note that if you want completely deterministic results, you must set `n_cpu_tf_sess` to 1. :param n_cpu_tf_sess: (int) The number of threads for TensorFlow operations If None, the number of cpu of the current machine will be used. """ def __init__(self, policy, env, replay_buffer=None, _init_setup_model=False, verbose=0, *, requires_vec_env=False, policy_base=None, policy_kwargs=None, seed=None, n_cpu_tf_sess=None): super(OffPolicyRLModel, self).__init__(policy, env, verbose=verbose, requires_vec_env=requires_vec_env, policy_base=policy_base, policy_kwargs=policy_kwargs, seed=seed, n_cpu_tf_sess=n_cpu_tf_sess) self.replay_buffer = replay_buffer @abstractmethod def setup_model(self): pass @abstractmethod def learn(self, total_timesteps, callback=None, log_interval=100, tb_log_name="run", reset_num_timesteps=True, replay_wrapper=None): pass @abstractmethod def predict(self, observation, state=None, mask=None, deterministic=False): pass @abstractmethod def action_probability(self, observation, state=None, mask=None, actions=None, logp=False): pass @abstractmethod def save(self, save_path, cloudpickle=False): pass @classmethod def load(cls, load_path, env=None, custom_objects=None, **kwargs): """ Load the model from file :param load_path: (str or file-like) the saved parameter location :param env: (Gym Envrionment) the new environment to run the loaded model on (can be None if you only need prediction from a trained model) :param custom_objects: (dict) Dictionary of objects to replace upon loading. If a variable is present in this dictionary as a key, it will not be deserialized and the corresponding item will be used instead. Similar to custom_objects in `keras.models.load_model`. Useful when you have an object in file that can not be deserialized. :param kwargs: extra arguments to change the model when loading """ data, params = cls._load_from_file(load_path, custom_objects=custom_objects) if 'policy_kwargs' in kwargs and kwargs['policy_kwargs'] != data['policy_kwargs']: raise ValueError("The specified policy kwargs do not equal the stored policy kwargs. " "Stored kwargs: {}, specified kwargs: {}".format(data['policy_kwargs'], kwargs['policy_kwargs'])) model = cls(policy=data["policy"], env=None, _init_setup_model=False) model.__dict__.update(data) model.__dict__.update(kwargs) model.set_env(env) model.setup_model() model.load_parameters(params) return model class _UnvecWrapper(VecEnvWrapper): def __init__(self, venv): """ Unvectorize a vectorized environment, for vectorized environment that only have one environment :param venv: (VecEnv) the vectorized environment to wrap """ super().__init__(venv) assert venv.num_envs == 1, "Error: cannot unwrap a environment wrapper that has more than one environment." def seed(self, seed=None): return self.venv.env_method('seed', seed) def __getattr__(self, attr): if attr in self.__dict__: return getattr(self, attr) return getattr(self.venv, attr) def __set_attr__(self, attr, value): if attr in self.__dict__: setattr(self, attr, value) else: setattr(self.venv, attr, value) def compute_reward(self, achieved_goal, desired_goal, _info): return float(self.venv.env_method('compute_reward', achieved_goal, desired_goal, _info)[0]) @staticmethod def unvec_obs(obs): """ :param obs: (Union[np.ndarray, dict]) :return: (Union[np.ndarray, dict]) """ if not isinstance(obs, dict): return obs[0] obs_ = OrderedDict() for key in obs.keys(): obs_[key] = obs[key][0] del obs return obs_ def reset(self): return self.unvec_obs(self.venv.reset()) def step_async(self, actions): self.venv.step_async([actions]) def step_wait(self): obs, rewards, dones, information = self.venv.step_wait() return self.unvec_obs(obs), float(rewards[0]), dones[0], information[0] def render(self, mode='human'): return self.venv.render(mode=mode) class SetVerbosity: def __init__(self, verbose=0): """ define a region of code for certain level of verbosity :param verbose: (int) the verbosity level: 0 none, 1 training information, 2 tensorflow debug """ self.verbose = verbose def __enter__(self): self.tf_level = os.environ.get('TF_CPP_MIN_LOG_LEVEL', '0') self.log_level = logger.get_level() self.gym_level = gym.logger.MIN_LEVEL if self.verbose <= 1: os.environ['TF_CPP_MIN_LOG_LEVEL'] = '3' if self.verbose <= 0: logger.set_level(logger.DISABLED) gym.logger.set_level(gym.logger.DISABLED) def __exit__(self, exc_type, exc_val, exc_tb): if self.verbose <= 1: os.environ['TF_CPP_MIN_LOG_LEVEL'] = self.tf_level if self.verbose <= 0: logger.set_level(self.log_level) gym.logger.set_level(self.gym_level) class TensorboardWriter: def __init__(self, graph, tensorboard_log_path, tb_log_name, new_tb_log=True): """ Create a Tensorboard writer for a code segment, and saves it to the log directory as its own run :param graph: (Tensorflow Graph) the model graph :param tensorboard_log_path: (str) the save path for the log (can be None for no logging) :param tb_log_name: (str) the name of the run for tensorboard log :param new_tb_log: (bool) whether or not to create a new logging folder for tensorbaord """ self.graph = graph self.tensorboard_log_path = tensorboard_log_path self.tb_log_name = tb_log_name self.writer = None self.new_tb_log = new_tb_log def __enter__(self): if self.tensorboard_log_path is not None: latest_run_id = self._get_latest_run_id() if self.new_tb_log: latest_run_id = latest_run_id + 1 save_path = os.path.join(self.tensorboard_log_path, "{}_{}".format(self.tb_log_name, latest_run_id)) self.writer = tf.summary.FileWriter(save_path, graph=self.graph) return self.writer def _get_latest_run_id(self): """ returns the latest run number for the given log name and log path, by finding the greatest number in the directories. :return: (int) latest run number """ max_run_id = 0 for path in glob.glob("{}/{}_[0-9]*".format(self.tensorboard_log_path, self.tb_log_name)): file_name = path.split(os.sep)[-1] ext = file_name.split("_")[-1] if self.tb_log_name == "_".join(file_name.split("_")[:-1]) and ext.isdigit() and int(ext) > max_run_id: max_run_id = int(ext) return max_run_id def __exit__(self, exc_type, exc_val, exc_tb): if self.writer is not None: self.writer.add_graph(self.graph) self.writer.flush()